The United States became the world’s first modern democracy after its break with Great Britain (1776) and the adoption of a constitution (1789).
|Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico|
|Geographic coordinates: 38 00 N, 97 00 W|
|Map references: North America|
|Area: total: 9,629,091 sq km land: 9,158,960 sq km water: 470,131 sq km note: includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia|
|Area -comparative: About one-half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about one-half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; about two and one-half times the size of Western Europe; 3 times size of India|
|Land boundaries: Total: 12,248 km border countries: Canada 8,893 km (including 2,477 km with Alaska), Cuba 29 km (US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay), Mexico 3,326 km note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba|
As of June 2017, the United States has a total population of 326.3 million, making it the third-most populous country in the world. It is very urbanized, with 82% residing in cities and suburbs as of 2011. California and Texas are the most populous states and New York City is the most populous city in the United States.
C. Information Data
|SMALLEST STATE:||Rhode Island|
|LARGEST CITIES:||New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, San Diego, Detroit, Dallas, Phoenix, San Antonio|
|BORDER COUNTRIES AND OCEANS:||Canada, Mexico, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Pacific Ocean *Note: World’s third-largest country by size (after Russia and Canada) and by population (after China and India); Mt. McKinley is highest point in North America and Death Valley the lowest point on the continent.|
|LANGUAGES:||English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)|
|RELIGIONS:||Protestant 52%, Roman Catholic 24%, Mormon 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 1%, other 10%, none 10% (2002 est.)|